Son Tra Nature Reserve,sustainable protection,Vietnam environment
A troupe of endangered red-shanked douc langurs can be found living near a resort in Son Tra Nature Reserve in Da Nang. Booming construction and poor control of mass tourism has threatened the existance of the species and biodiversity in the reserve. — VNS Photo Le Phuoc Chin

Biologists and researchers warned that eating human food and rotten leftovers would result in serious jungle pollution and the extinction of some species in the reserve.

Rangers have witnessed the red-shanked douc langur – an endangered primate only found living in Vietnam and Laos – crossing power lines to seek food in separated jungles.

Scientists have voiced their concerns about the negative impacts on the habitat of monkeys and langurs in the Son Tra reserve caused by humans feeding them.

The city has yet to find an effective solution to deal with the conflict between humans and wildlife in the reserve, including feeding wildlife, rubbish disposal, vehicle noise and illegal logging.

Monkeys can be seen heading downhill to look for food from tourists and dustbins at the Linh Ung Pagoda and resorts in the Son Tra Nature Reserve.

Son Tra Nature Reserve,sustainable protection,Vietnam environment
A dead monkey hit by a motorbike driver in the Son Tra Nature Reserve. Conflict between humans and wildlife has been alarming in recent years. — VNS Photo Bui Van Tuan

At least 10,000 people visit the areas every month, causing noise pollution and leaving leftovers and rubbish in the reserve, a report from the Son Tra management board said.

Visitors are allowed to drive their motorbikes into the core zone without permission or ID, but a ban on staying overnight in the reserve has recently been issued by the local administration to ease the situation.

But illegal hunting, tourists dying on jungle adventures and aggressive monkeys have made the situation worse.

The reserve is managed by different agencies, including the Son Tra-Ngu Hanh Son forest protection sub-department; Tho Quang Ward’s administration; Son Tra Peninsula’s management board of beaches and tourism; and the Border Guard, Air Defence and Navy.

Each agency only manages one assigned area, but an overall management board has not been set up.


Biologist Vy said the 4,400ha Son Tra Nature Reserve should be recognised as a UNESCO world biosphere site to promote eco-tourism services while protecting the rich biodiversity of flora and fauna.

He said the proposal had been raised among biologists, scientists and experts during several conferences and seminars in the city and central region with the aim of dealing with the conflict between socio-economic development and nature conservation.


He said a UNESCO-recognised world biosphere reserve would create huge revenue for the city from eco-tourism services, and help protect the animals with strict rules.

“It would be a good way for Da Nang to boost economic growth through eco-tourism, while acting as a rendezvous point for top biodiversity researchers and experts.

“A UNESCO-recognised world biosphere reserve would be good for Da Nang to deal with mass tourism and rapid infrastructure development,” Vy told Việt Nam News in an exclusive interview.

“The site has yet to earn a penny from eco-tourism. Overlapping management among agencies add serious threats to biodiversity in the reserve and the existence of the red-shanked douc langur – an endangered primate listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN),” he said.

More than 1,300 red-shanked douc langurs, which are found only in east-central Laos and Vietnam, were reported living in the Son Tra Nature Reserve, and the existence of the endangered species would be a crucial factor for promoting the reserve to UNESCO, Vy said.

Son Tra Nature Reserve,sustainable protection,Vietnam environment
A monkey is offered food by a tourist in the reserve. Tourists have been warned not to feed wild animals living in the reserves in Son Tra and Ba Na. — VNS Photo Tran Huu Vy

Green lungs

Dr Ha Thang Long, head of the Frankfurt Zoological Society office in Vietnam, said Son Tra and Ba Na-Nui Chua were ‘green lungs’ supplying millions of tonnes of oxygen to residents and tourists.

He said the two reserves played important roles in biodiversity conservation, and were home to precious flora and fauna that would lure scientists and researchers from around the world.

“Our manners and food are quite different from the primates. Unripe fruit, leaves, and buds are major food for langurs, while ripe fruit is a favourite for the monkeys. However, tourists feed monkeys with human food like cakes and snacks,” he said.

Son Tra Nature Reserve,sustainable protection,Vietnam environment
Tourists on an educationional trip in the Son Tra Nature Reserve. Eco-tours and the world biosphere recognition will help the sustainable development of Da Nang. — VNS Photo Luu Ly

Up to now, 18 out of 25 hotels and resorts on the Son Tra Mountain and 85km of concrete roads have been approved and built by the city.

The Son Tra Nature Reserve, which is 600m above sea level, is known for its rich biodiversity, with 287 animal species and 985 plant species. VNS

Cong Thanh

Da Nang authorities at fault for several violations on Son Tra Peninsula

Da Nang authorities at fault for several violations on Son Tra Peninsula

The Government Inspectorate has released a report on land use and conservation-related violations on Son Tra Peninsula, which implicates authorities in Da Nang.