HCM City to have 80% of waste sorted at source
The HCM City Department of Natural Resources and Environment has taken steps to ensure that 100% of its domestic solid waste is collected and treated and at least 80 per cent of solid household waste is classified at source by 2025.
Many households in HCM City dispose of their waste on sidewalks without sorting their garbage first.
According to the department's Solid Waste Management Division, private waste collection units in 17 districts have changed to co-operatives or businesses for better management. Districts have also upgraded 25 per cent of their means of waste collection and transportation.
Le Truong Tuan Anh, the department chief, said one of the problems for solid waste management is the classification of waste at its source.
The city People's Committee issued regulations on the classification of solid waste at the source in 2018, but many households still do not sort their waste.
Some households sort their waste, but it ends up in the same place due to the lack of specialised vehicles for each category, including recyclables and other waste.
If all waste was classified at source and reused, the city could reduce 30 per cent of its daily amount of disposed of waste, Nguyen Ngoc Ly, chairman of the Board of the Center for Environmental and Community Research, said.
The city in 2019 generated 9,400 tonnes of domestic solid waste daily, the highest in Vietnam. Of that, 69 per cent was buried daily, while the remaining was recycled or burned to generate electricity each day, according to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.
By 2025, the city plans to bury 2,600 tonnes of waste per day. It also targets having at least 80 per cent of domestic solid waste in urban areas recycled for compost fertilizer or burned for electricity.
However, Ly said the budget for burning garbage will be high since 70 per cent of domestic solid waste in Vietnam is organic waste.
“We should choose other solutions that have lower costs but are still effective. One of them is to classify garbage at source," Ly added.
The real estate company Novaland has recently worked with the Packaging Recycling Organization Vietnam to carry out a plan to sort and collect recyclable waste at source in Novaland’s residential areas in the city.
Bui Xuan Huy, general director of Novaland Group, said the plan contributes material for recycling activities while reducing the amount of buried domestic solid waste.
“We aim to build a circular economic model, ensuring that waste is not released directly into the environment and is handled most effectively."
The city is also taking steps to adopt advanced waste-treatment technologies. It will invest in solid waste treatment with advanced technologies that save energy and protect the environment, and seek recycling technology that makes recycled products suited to the consumption habits of each locality.
Waste-treatment facilities have been encouraged to switch to waste-to-energy technologies.
Rapid urbanisation and high population density are putting pressure on HCM City in the management and treatment of waste.
Ho Chi Minh City could create more than 18,000 new jobs if the city were to recover 80 percent of recyclable and organic material in its waste stream, a new study has revealed.