Man Van Tan, for example, has had the habit of closing the door tightly for tens of years. He only opens the door by half when someone comes in and then closes it again. Then he uncovers the plastic canvas over the sofa, and asks guests to take a seat.

air pollution,AQI,Hanoi,craft village,Vietnam environment



Plastic canvas is also used to cover his bed, clothes, TV and the altar. This helps protect his family members from the dust, which is abundant in Van Mon craft village.

Man Xa commune in Yen Phong district of Bac Ninh province has five villages, two of which are material recycling craft villages. On January 3, 2019, the Quan Do “warhead barn’ exploded at night, collapsing five houses and killing two people.

Just one kilometer far away from Quan Do is Van Mon Craft Village, which is covered with the black color from the 400 chimneys of metal recycling workshops.

Dust and smoke from production workshops in Hanoi and neighboring provinces are one of the reasons behind the serious air pollution in the capital city.
 

When Tan began taking this work in 1968, there were only six metal recycling workshops in the village. The workshops collected aircraft wrecks and bomb shells to make pots and pans. Now, there are 400 workshops which cast ingot metal from scrap.


A survey conducted by the Bac Ninh provincial environment monitoring station in 2011 found that the suspended dust, SO2 and NO2 concentrations in the craft villages exceeded national standards by 4-5 times.

On the first days of December 2019, the air quality in Van Ha commune of Dong Anh district in Hanoi, 22 kilometers far from Tan’s aluminum recycling workshop, was always bad.

The Dong Anh district People’s Committee blames air pollution in the locality on the metal recycling workshops in Van Mon commune of Bac Ninh province.

There are 62 craft villages and 32 industrial clusters, covering a total area of 864.89 hectares in Bac NInh province. In 2008, three villages found their names in the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment’s list of craft villages that caused serious pollution.

The three names included Van Mon aluminum recycling village, and Dai Bai and Quang Bo bronze casting villages. And all the three are located in residential quarters.

Tan said his workshop every day can cast more than 1 ton of aluminum and produces 300 kilograms of slag. However, he doesn’t know how much dust and smoke, and what kinds of emissions are generated by the 400 40-meter tall chimneys in the village.

“The dust and smoke cannot go too far and wont’ reach Hanoi,” he said.

However, agencies don’t think so.

Chi Mai 

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