Environmental protection must be at the core of socio-economic development targets
Predictions on the intensity and impacts of environmental issues on various aspects of the socio-economy must be highlighted in the draft documents submitted to the 13th Party Congress,
says deputy head of the Vietnam Environment Administration Nguyen Hung Thinh.
A polluted canal in Phan Rang-Thap Cham City, southern Ninh Thuan Province.
Feedback from experts on the Party Congress documents emphasise the harmonisation of socio-economic development and environmental protection. To do this, environmental protection goals “must be at the core of the socio-economic growth target and determines the country’s sustainable development,” according to the VEA.
As environmental issues are affecting various aspects of the socio-economy, it will take a long time to recover from the impacts of pollution as a result of industrialisation and modernisation.
In many documents, Vietnam highlighted the determination of “not sacrificing environmental protection for economic development”.
Among socio-economic targets in the 2021-25 period, one of the notable goals is to have 100 per cent of polluting facilities treating their waste and emissions. This target seems to be hard to achieve and Vietnam needs to focus all sources to meet the goal as currently only 66.4 per cent of the facilities are able to address the problem, experts from VEA say.
Thinh says the national development orientations for the 2021-30 period mentioned in the draft Party Congress documents focus on land management but there are no solutions for pollution management as well as environmental protection and response.
Besides completing a legal framework for the mid- and long-term, Vietnam needs to have an appropriate and effective management model as well as materials, resources and finance to effectively respond to climate change, he says.
He says the compiling committee should propose more solutions on investing in and promoting renewable energy technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and climate change.
We should call for private investment on treating urban solid waste to reduce the State budget on the work, he says.
Some comments suggest preferential policies for production establishments or people who take environmental protection measures.
Thinh says in the next five years, the practical solution to respond effectively to climate change and prevent natural disasters is to promote solutions on resource management.
He recommends investment and comprehensive planning of waste treatment infrastructure concentrated in big cities, using recycling technologies, energy recovery and electricity generation. VNS
Experts have expressed their concerns about the draft of an amended law on environmental protection compiled by the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MONRE).
Vietnam aims to utilise energy saving and environmental protection by reducing total heat consumption by 2.86 per cent and total power consumption by 8.77 per cent by 2025, and 14 and 9.68 per cent by 2030 compared to figures from 2015 to 2018.