Regarding the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, this ministry does not only govern agriculture. Thus, this department is almost not part of creating links between farming and animal husbandry and the processing (food) and supporting industries (fertilizer, animal feed).

Previously, Vietnam had the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Industry. As for the ministry's "rural development", the management of bridges, roads, schools and health stations all belong to other ministries.

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This is a great irrelevance, because these infrastructural facilities are small in scale, but extremely numerous in number, and spread evenly across villages in the country, which are only understood by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

Many bridges were swept away in the rain and floods last year and have yet to be rebuilt. The reason is not because a lack of investment but because they have to wait for the participation of other ministries than the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

The repair or rebuilding of these bridges is not under the management of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Because of this paradox, many problems have arisen. For example, businesses specializing in grass-growing, cow-raising and dairy processing are under the management of two ministries, one being agriculture and the other industry.

The Ministry of Construction manages the construction sector, but how can it manage traffic and industrial construction If it performs all of these works. The Ministry of Construction needs to be merged with many ministries, not only with the Ministry of Transport. While the management function of the Ministry of Construction has little practical value, urban construction has been downgraded.

Before the Doi Moi era, Vietnam's urbanization was only around 20%. The rate increased to 30%, then 40% in recent years, and will reach 50% or 60% in the near future. So why there is no Ministry of Urban Development but the Ministry of Construction performs multidisciplinary construction management?

For our country, in terms of space, land, and population, two components have been planned: rural and urban. If rural development already has a management ministry, why should not urban development be assigned to a powerful and specialized ministry. It could be the Ministry of Construction.

Other "multidisciplinary construction" has been managed by many ministries, for example, construction of traffic projects managed by the Ministry of Transport, industrial construction under the management of the Ministry of Industry and Trade...

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The Ministry of Industry and Trade is the state management agency for two multidisciplinary sectors: trade and industry. This is a rare ministry of its kind in the world.

The US does not have a Department of Industry, but only a Department of Commerce. France has no Ministry of Industry and no Ministry of Trade, but only Ministry of Economy and Finance. Japan has a Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. China has a Ministry of Trade, while Industry and Communications are merged into one ministry.

Vietnam's Ministry of Industry and Trade is not only rare in the world, but also has the function of managing state-owned enterprises operating in the field of industry and trade.

Over the past few decades, the state-owned enterprise system of Vietnam has contributed over 30% of GDP, most of which came from enterprises under the management of the Ministry of Industry and Trade.

In its development history, the Ministry of Industry and Trade was a merger of 10 ministries in the planned economy. During the Doi Moi period, it was the merger of the Ministry of Heavy Industry, the Ministry of Light Industry, and the Ministry of Trade.

This merger pushed the Ministry of Industry and Trade into a management maze and its functions collide with almost all other ministries, for example, with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on food and food processing industry management; Ministry of Construction on industrial construction management; Ministry of Transport with management of the production of transport equipment; with many ministries on trade management; and with the State Capital Management Commission on capital management of industry and trade enterprises.

The Ministry of Transport, in addition to the management of transportation (road, railway, airway, maritime, inland waterways), currently manages over 80 State-owned businesses, including eight corporations, over 20 non-business units (including two research institutes, three universities, six colleges, several hospitals, nine Project Management Units).

Obviously, this ministry is not only a multidisciplinary management ministry of transport, but also manages over 100 units of production, business and public service provision for society.

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This is a typical ministry of Vietnam, because it not only performs multi-sector management, but also performs multi-ministry management in the government. It is impossible to deny the achievements that this ministry has made for the economy over the years, but since it has to spread its forces to perform its work, which cover many fields, many jobs belonging to transportation have been left behind.


Thus, includes traffic congestion at all levels, on provincial roads, highways, expressways and in centers of many cities. It includes the outdated railroad industry, and maritime shipping capacity with low capacity for a country with a coastline of more than 3 thousand kilometers like Vietnam.

In order to be suitable with the economy that has been and will be renovated with increasing speed and scale according to the guidelines and policies set in the resolution of the XIII Congress of the Party, the completion of the state administrative apparatus is a requirement that needs to be addressed.

This is not aimed at merging ministries once again, but to define the right roles and tasks among ministries in the functions, tasks, powers and responsibilities of the system of state administrative agencies.

Recently, the Government proposed changing the name of the Ministry of Construction to "the Ministry of Construction, Urban Development and Housing".

Dr. Dinh Duc Sinh

Administrative ATMs: great step forward in reforming the state apparatus

Administrative ATMs: great step forward in reforming the state apparatus

In early March, the People's Committee of District 6 in HCM City put into use the first automatic administrative document receipt and return machine, dubbed administrative ATM, in Vietnam.

It is time to reform the state administrative apparatus

It is time to reform the state administrative apparatus

Reforming the state administrative apparatus is a national policy which has been noted in resolutions of all eight national congresses of the Communist Party of Vietnam during the 35 years of Doi Moi (reform).