For America, the President leads the cabinet, and the cabinet works as the advisory council for the President.
China employs a government structure including the Prime Minister, 28 ministries and ministerial-level agencies, and 13 affiliated organizations.
Although having different administrative apparatus, many countries, including Vietnam, have a few ministries with the same name as other countries' ministries, such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Justice, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Labor, Ministry of Transport, and Ministry of Education.
The diversity of the models of administrative apparatus in the world also includes smaller ministries, such as the Small Business Administration in the US, the Ministry of Overseas in France, and the Ministry of Planning-Investment in Vietnam.
The diversity of models of administrative systems in the world is room for Vietnam to continue its reform.
The existing ministries of Vietnam and many countries have demonstrated global universality. At the same time, unique ministries of Vietnam (such as the Ministry of Planning and Investment), or others rare in the world (such as the State Bank) are promoting their role in the strategy of transforming the planning to a market economy under the State management, so they need to be improved and developed in a stable manner.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ministry Industry and Trade, Ministry of Transport and Ministry of Construction were restructured in the Doi Moi era. Practice has proven that the restructuring has been both appropriate and inappropriate.
It is late but it is time to eliminate inappropriate changes and create a new apparatus.
Dr. Dinh Duc Sinh
Vietnamese people and businesses are still struggling with administrative procedures and are being held back by an unstable business environment.
Former Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc has left an indelible mark on the socio-economic development of the country. The newly-elected Prime Minister Pham Minh Chinh will continue that strong reform thinking.